The Greek name for cocoa—Theobroma—literally means, “food of the gods.” This valuable crop played an important role in many ancient South American cultures. In its earliest forms, the Mayans used cocoa to create a ritual beverage that was shared during betrothal and marriage ceremonies.
One hectare is roughly 2.47 acres. Plantations in cocoa-producing countries typically have 1,000 to 1,200 cocoa trees growing per hectare; that works out to an average of somewhere between 400 and 485 cocoa tree that grow per acre of land
The cocoa bean, also called cacao bean, cocoa, and cacao, is the dried and fully fermented seed of Theobroma cacao, from which cocoa solids and, because of the seed’s fat, cocoa butter can be extracted. The beans are the basis of chocolate, and of such Mesoamerican foods as mole and tejate. The production of cocoa begins in the tropical regions around the Equator, where the hot and humid climate is well suited for growing cocoa trees.
Low Calorie/High Fiber. One tablespoon of cocoa powder, depending on the brand, is only about 10 calories. It contains less than a gram of fat, just three grams of carbs, and one gram of protein. Fiber is essential in maintaining a healthy diet, and this 3-to-2 carb-to-fiber ratio is one of the best in the game.
When natural cocoa (an acid) is used in recipes calling for baking soda (an alkali), it creates a leavening action that causes the batter to rise when placed in the oven. … The role of cocoa powder in cakes: When used alone in cakes, cocoa powder imparts a full rich chocolate flavour and dark colour.
What are the varieties of cocoa?
- Criollo – the rare. The Criollo tree is native to Central and South America as well as the Caribbean islands and Sri Lanka
- Forastero – the versatile. The most commonly grown cocoa is Forastero.
- Trinitario – the hybrid. Trinitario is a natural hybrid biological class resulting from cross-pollination
Health Benefits of Cocoa
- Lowers High Blood Pressure. Flavonoid-rich cocoa aids in lowering blood pressure and improving the elasticity of blood vessels
- Antioxidant Capacity
- Improves Brain Health
- Balances Cholesterol Levels
- Treats Diabetes
- Relieves Bronchial Asthma
- Speeds up Healing
- Manages Obesity
Cocoa bean Cocoa solids Cocoa bean
|Amount Per 1 tbsp (5.4 g) 1 cup (86 g) 100 grams 100 grams|
|% Daily Value*|
|Total Fat 14 g||21%|
|Saturated fat 8 g||40%|
|Polyunsaturated fat 0.4 g|
|Monounsaturated fat 4.6 g|
|Cholesterol 0 mg||0%|
|Sodium 21 mg||0%|
|Potassium 1,524 mg||43%|
|Total Carbohydrate 58 g||19%|
|Dietary fiber 33 g||132%|
|Sugar 1.8 g|
|Protein 20 g||40%|
|Caffeine 230 mg|
|Vitamin A||0%||Vitamin C||0%|
|Vitamin D||0%||Vitamin B-6||5%|
|*Per cent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.|
How do you grow cocoa?
Method 2 Planting
- Find a suitable container
- Prepare the soil
- Plant the seeds or seedling in the pot
- Keep the pot in a warm, humid environment
- Spritz the cacao tree regularly
- Keep the chocolate tree away from direct sunlight and intense heat sources
- Keep the cacao tree warm
- Mist the plant regularly
Processing the Cocoa Beans
- Processing cocoa beans ready for chocolate making involves six main steps: Fermentation
- Drying and bagging
How long does it take for a cocoa tree to grow?
The land needs to be cleared and prepared before planting cocoa seedlings and then cocoa trees take 3-5 years to yield a crop, with hybrid varieties providing crops earlier. But cocoa trees should be productive for about 25 years
It takes about 5 years for the tree to bear fruit, has a peak growing period of 10 years, but can extend for decades. 6. Cacao pods take 4-5 months to grow, several weeks to ripen, and are cut from the tree with a sharp blade. 7.
Cocoa beans grow in pods on trees of the Theobroma cacao species. Cocoa beans grow into beautiful trees; these trees grow most successfully in a narrow band called the Cocoa Belt or the Chocolate Belt; this band extends up to 20 degrees of latitude north and south of the equator
Is coca and cocoa the same thing?
Chocolate comes from Cocao tree’s (Theobroma cacao) beans (or the seeds inside the fruit). Cocaine comes from the Coca plant (family Erythroxylaceae). It is a product of isolating the alkaloid in their leaves. … Chocolate is made from the seeds of cacao tree fruit whereas cocaine is extracted from coca tree leaves
Growing cocoa requires a tropical climate and well distributed rainfall, shade and grows in a wide range of soils. Fermentation and drying often … Also, labour productivity on plantations is critical to profitability, but there has been no determined effort to mechanise cultural practices. To be competitive
West Africa collectively supplies two thirds of the world’s cocoa crop, with Ivory Coast leading production at 1.8 million tonnes as of 2017, and nearby Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon and Togo producing additional 1.55 million tonnes.